At the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris, it was agreed that mobilizing stronger and more ambitious climate action by all Parties and non-Party stakeholders is urgently required if the goals of the Paris Agreement are to be achieved.
In decision 1/CP.21, the commitments from all actors are recognized, including those launched through the Lima–Paris Action Agenda, as well as the urgent need to scale up the global response to climate change and support greater ambition from governments.
At COP 22 in Marrakech, a High-Level Event on Accelerating Climate Action was held to highlight outcomes from the Action Events throughout the conference and culminated with the launching of the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action; a new framework to catalyse and support climate action.
The global ocean is fundamental to sustaining life on Earth; it is a major carbon sink, it absorbs heat, and produces half the oxygen we breathe. Shipping, fisheries and aquaculture, energy, biotechnology, and mineral and biological extraction, generate USD 3- 6 trillion, and are seen as a major avenue for achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 on oceans and seas through Blue Economy. However, climate change is having profound and regionally diverse impacts on ocean ecosystems and services. Considerable capacity development and financing are required to address the challenge of climate change, especially for coastal and small island populations. COP 21 highlighted the importance of oceans in the climate system through the mobilization of over 150 parties and 40 ocean-related events. COP 22 translated mobilization into action, with an adaptation and mitigation package including innovative measures, supported by ambitious financing mechanisms and capacity development measures. The Oceans Action Event at COP 22 showcased how the world is tackling climate change impacts on oceans, seas, and coastal and island contexts. The purpose was to review initiatives launched in COP 21 as part of the Lima-Paris Action Agenda, announce new initiatives, with multi-national and multi-stakeholder contributions to the solution space.
Press Release: Ocean Climate Action Making Waves