Double the share of public transport by 2025
UITP’s Declaration on Climate Leadership demonstrates the public transport sector’s commitment to tackling climate change and responding to one of the biggest economic opportunities of the 21st century. As part of the Lima Paris Action Agenda (LPAA) at COP 21, the Declaration’s goal is to double the market share of public transport by 2025.
The Declaration's goal to double the market share of public transport by 2025 would allow us to cater for ever increasing demand for urban transport while decreasing per capita urban transport emissions by 25% (global average) – about half a billion tonnes, which is over and above what technological solutions can achieve alone and would ensure that we would move the transport sector in the direction of the COP 21 Paris Agreement.
The Declaration was supported by over 350 pledges to climate action from more than 110 members of the international public transport community in more than 80 global cities. Actions aimed at giving a greater role to public transport in mobility which will help to decrease the regions carbon footprint. Actions also aimed at reducing their corporate carbon footprint.
The Declaration was also a commitment to support governments at all levels to provide them with technical support and capacity building through lessons learned from delivering the above action on the ground pledged under the Declaration. This is important because many of the post-2020 national climate strategies – Intended Nationally Determined Commitments (INDCs) - are dependent not just on financial support but also technical and capacity building.
Roadmap and work plan
86% of projects aimed at full-scale / city-wide experimentation. The rest are pilot projects, from which 31pilot tests of hydrogen and electric buses footprint. 30% actions on Buses (clean fuels, efficiency, new lines and low carbon buses); 22% on Trains, trams, metros (new lines and train cars, vehicle efficiency). 7% actions on Combined
mobility (enhancements to walking and cycling facilities, car and bike-sharing schemes)
In the build-up to COP 22, UITP made an assessment of where the public transport sector stands mid-way through the 2025 deadline. This assessment has been made using 2012 MCD data collected in 60 metropolitan areas located in both developed and developing countries. Though public transport supply has nearly doubled compared to 1995, the growth of mobility demand is such that it puts transport networks under pressure, requiring massive investments. Overall, public transport growth is strongest where efforts to increase its supply are matched with private vehicle demand management and urban densification.
There has been clear progress in some countries and regions towards meeting our goal for the sector. For instance, recent UITP analysis has shown that the use of public transport in the EU has reached its highest level since 2000, with a total of 57.9 billion journeys in 2014. So after a period of erosion, public transport's modal share is on a growing curve again particularly in developed economies, where urban sprawl tends to be slowing down. However, in developing cities mode share of public transport has decreased as the supply of public transport has not matched the growth in population meaning that, globally, many of the mode share gains are offset so that there is still work to do if we are to realise our mode share goal.
In terms of the 350 actions pledged by UITP members, since COP 21 examples of implementation could be reported in around 60 cities covering around 45% of the actions pledged.
In order to provide transparency of action both at the sector level and company level, UITP has produced an accompanying report of implementation in 2016 which details the projects and impacts that have been seen undertaken since the Declaration’s launch which is available at: http://www.uitp.org/sites/default/files/documents/Advocacy/UITP_climate_leadership_implementation_2016_report_20161010.pdf
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Philip Turner, Sustainable Development Manager & EU Expert Sustainable Mobility, UIPT, Rue Sainte Marie 6, 1080 Bruxelles, Belgium
0032 477 58 06 55