Financially and programmatically support community-centred action to build climate resilience, addressing increasing loss and damage and improving resilience building in post-disaster recovery
List of participants will be added in due course
World Food Programme (WFP)
WFP is developing new tools to help mitigate and manage risks by translating early warning into early action, as a way to strengthen community, government and regional organization’s capacities to prepare for early response, and recover from climate-driven shocks.
WFP is establishing FoodSECuRE as a unique and single institutional mechanism to respond to increasing risks that climate change poses on food security. FoodSECuRE will: i) trigger action based on climate forecasts, to reinforce community resilience before shocks occur; ii) support early action during a large-scale climate-disaster through support to government-led response mechanisms (e.g. parametric climate risk insurance) and iii) provide multi-year financing to deliver high-quality resilience-building activities are undertaken during post-disaster recovery operations.
By 2020, WFP plans to have FoodSECuRE established and fully operational in at least the 5 phase one countries (Guatemala, Niger, Philippines, Sudan, and Zimbabwe). This involves having early action plans established and tested, a monitoring framework developed, seasonal climate forecast and trigger mechanism set-up and national capacity built, the cost benefit analysis support lessons learnt, and country contingency fund is accessible.
Through its new Climate Policy and using the SDGs to guide long-term action, WFP will take an iterative, phased approach to managing uncertainty related to climate change, using its experience across the humanitarian-development continuum to apply integrated risk management approaches to build national and community-level resilience.
Roadmap and work plan
In 2013, WFP repositioned its work on food security and climate change as an innovation area through the Organizational Strengthening and Fit for Purpose process; in 2015 we moved to looking at mechanisms to mainstream climate change adaptation into projects, with a core aim to build the capacities of governments. In 2016, WFP has been developing its Policy on Climate Change: Responding to the Food Insecurity and Nutrition Impacts of Climate Change, which is expected to be approved by the Executive Board in February 2017.
The climate change policy defines how WFP will contribute to national and global efforts to prevent climate change from undermining work to end hunger. The policy provides WFP staff with guiding principles on how to integrate action to address climate change in their work. Innovative climate risk finance mechanisms like FoodSECuRE are core building blocks of how WFP addresses the risks from climate change.
A climate action plan will outline how this policy will be implemented, using extra-budgetary resources, in order to build staff capacities, integrate specialized climate change funding into its financial framework, and develop more specific guidance for staff and partners. WFP will also continue its leadership in scaling up innovative tools and approaches, to develop more predictable immediate-response financing for climate disasters, and to work with governments to attract climate financing towards activities aligned with national plans and priorities under the UNFCCC.
While FoodSECuRE is being established as a global corporate mechanisms to deploy forecast-based financing, other initiatives like the German funded Forecast-based Emergency Preparedness for Climate Risks (FbF) work on linking extreme weather forecasts with preparedness procedures and activities before an event occurs. Early warning indicators and thresholds are being determined and linked to pre-defined Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for preparedness actions at government levels. Forecast-based emergency preparedness reduces costs for humanitarian response after the disaster strikes. In its initial phase, this project is setup in five pilot countries: Philippines, Nepal, Bangladesh, Haiti, and Dominican Republic.
Both FoodSECuRE and the Forecast-based Emergency Preparedness for climate risks represent critical efforts by WFP to develop, test and deploy forecast-based financing modalities in support of improved preparedness and early community action. The lessons learned from the forecast-based preparedness project will be critical for informing the development of the second phase of FoodSECuRE. Likewise, by closely coordinating technical work and learning in developing forecast trigger systems, SOPs, and underlying climate analyses to support both initiatives be mutually reinforcing and promise to accelerate the development of this important new approach. Both initiatives, build on significant WFP investments in climate risk analysis carried out through C-ADAPT.
WFP is currently fundraising to make the facility fully operational.
WFP has selected in coordination with FAO and IRI using a set of pre-agreed criteria five countries for phase one testing and implementation: Guatemala, Niger, Philippines, Sudan and Zimbabwe. The FoodSECuRE implementation plan has been developed to guide implementation and details the proposed process and framework:
In addition to this, the establishment of FoodSECuRE as a corporate mechanism for forecast-based action and to respond to climate risks will entail the following steps:
• Setting-up a climate forecast and trigger mechanism for anticipatory action in partnership with the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) at Columbia University (USA).
• Development and integration of the African Risk Capacity (ARC) matching/replica policy framework under the FoodSECuRE framework to support government led early response.
• Develop country specific operational procedures for implementation of early/anticipatory action and early response (integrating to national early warning systems).
• Development of a financial framework (fund structure) to ensure efficient programming of contributions, budgeting and resource management in line with WFP’s financial systems.
• Development of the monitoring, evaluation and learning (M&E) framework to measure the effectiveness of the FoodSECuRE mechanisms in building resilience in populations both in response to the trigger mechanism before a shock as well as after the shock has occurred.
• Conduct a cost benefit analysis (CBA) to determine the potential cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the FoodSECuRE model, early action based on climate forecasts as compared with the costs of conventional humanitarian response to a disaster, and multi-year resilience building of communities in the post-disaster recovery operations.
• Development of a resource mobilization both for the start-up and testing of FoodSECuRE and for its long term contingency financing, linked to climate finance. Donor consultations are on-going process.
FoodSECuRE was successfully piloted in Guatemala and Zimbabwe in anticipation of the 2015/2016 El Nino phenomenon in order to mitigate its impact on livelihoods and food security.
The Zimbabwe and Guatemala pilots testify to the potential of an anticipatory approach to disasters.
In Zimbabwe, funds have been released through FoodSECuRE to train farmers on ‘climate-smart’ agriculture, including the use of fertilizers and drought-tolerant small grains such as sorghum. The farmers have also been provided with agricultural packs consisting of seeds and fertilizers, and have been trained in business practice, marketing strategies, value addition and record keeping.
WFP is currently fundraising to make the facility fully operational.
World Food Programme (WFP), Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 - Rome - ItalyClimate and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes
Ms. Selamawit OGBACHRISTOS; email@example.com; +39 06 6513-2535
Mr. Baas BRIMER; firstname.lastname@example.org; +39 06 6513-2371