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Global Climate Action  

At the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris, it was agreed that mobilizing stronger and more ambitious climate action by all Parties and non-Party stakeholders is urgently required if the goals of the Paris Agreement are to be achieved.

In decision 1/CP.21, the commitments from all actors are recognized, including those launched through the Lima–Paris Action Agenda, as well as the urgent need to scale up the global response to climate change and support greater ambition from governments.

At COP 22 in Marrakech, a High-Level Event on Accelerating Climate Action was held to highlight outcomes from the Action Events throughout the conference and culminated with the launching of the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action; a new framework to catalyse and support climate action.

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Private finance

Resilience

Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance

Catalyze and accelerate additional capital flows to cities, maximize investment in low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure, and close the investment gap in urban areas by 2030

Objectives

Four key objectives by 2020:
1. To increase the scale and number of cities and regions’ climate action and plans to reduce emissions from high-emitting sectors and enhance adaptation to climate change. Specifically:
o Coverage should include diverse local and regional contexts across all continents;
o Ambition will be set with a view to contribute to a below 2°C pathway;
o Special emphasis will be placed on the metropolitan areas facing rapid urbanisation to leverage their capacity to design and implement ambitious resilient, resource efficient and low carbon planning strategies.

2. To build climate resilience in as many cities and regions as possible with special attention paid to the most vulnerable cities, regions and populations;

3. To scale up financing for local and regional investments; Specifically:
o Accelerate financial support to local integrated policies, infrastructure strategies and programmes towards climate mitigation and resilience across all continents;
o Improve access to sustainable finance for cities and regions.

4. To reinforce action-oriented dialogue, partnerships and new policies between all levels of government (national, regional, provincial, urban and community-levels). Specifically:
o Promote the scaling-up and acceleration of relevant subnational sectorial alliances;
o Develop new multi-level international partnerships;
o Enhance national government participation in existing international initiatives;
o Support the exchange of knowledge and technology transfer between cities and regions around the world, including through decentralised cooperation.

Roadmap and work plan

We maintain a light governance approach of the initiative until we hand over this role to a more permanent structure than a COP presidency.

In the meantime we support all members to go forward on the objectives 1, 2 and 3. France is very committed in developing the 4th objective in 2016 and beyond.

Progress

As an overarching initiative, the 5-year vision has maintained strong political momentum among the following sector-based and actor-based initiatives. Information sharing and synergies were facilitated and one working meeting was convened in May 2016 in Bonn.

Intermediate results:

- on mitigation:

o Covenant of Mayors recruited 115 new signatories since COP21 and started its Global Covenant deployment in sub-Saharan region with US$10M. The Covenant is now based on both mitigation and adaptation objectives.

o A greater collaboration between the Covenant and the Compact of mayors is ongoing, toward a possible merging.

o Compact of Mayors is still recruiting new cities/towns (from 360 cities in COP21 to 504 to date) but its ambition is now to focus on implementing and monitoring the commitments (40 cities/towns have already comply their commitments).

o Compact of States and Regions started its 2016 reporting period ending by 15 July 2016 in order to present a first annual report alongside COP22. The initiative is also exploring opportunities with the Compact of Mayors on joint recruitment and communications to encourage more states, regions and cities to report.

o The Under2MoU is recruiting more local and national governments (from 50 in COP21 to 128 to date). This very ambitious initiative covers now a collective GDP over $20.7 trillion. Today, signatories are required to submit a plan outlining their set of actions to reach their reduction goals, to report their progress in a transparent way and to share best practices. A new collaboration is also launched taking advantage of the Clean Energy Ministerial meeting towards achieving the 2°C pathway.

o CCAC is preparing a package of solutions for cities to be presented during COP22. It develops its waste initiative by involving more cities, with a program on urban bus fleet and by linking health sector with environment sector in countries partners. CCAC wants to go beyond and connect with SDGs.

o Mobilise Your City is progressing with 20 partners and try to involve more members like Tunisia, Morocco and Cameroon. It aims ti rise € 30M and to sign its first partnership between Habitat III and COP22.

o C40 is reflecting on what means the 1,5°C target for sustainable cities planning. It also works on project preparation with German support for a major launch next year, in the context of its finance facility.


- on resilience:
o Regions Adapt, launched during COP21, is already bringing together 50 members. They are committed to setting plan in at least one priority sector by 2 years and starting reporting their efforts on an annual basis.

o The joint work program on resilient cities will focus on three main activities for the next 2 years: (i) a platform for resilience tools with ICLEI’s TAP and the world bank, (ii) a capacity building program on urban planning with C40, (iii) a new monitoring system to be presented in COP22 with WRI.

- on finance:

o the World Bank will support resilient cities, sustainable mobility and smart planning with 4 billions dollars, which means a 40% rise of its investment on those topics by 2020. 3 main initiatives : (i) 20 resilient cities by 2020, (ii) a global platform for sustainable planning and financing supported by GEF, WRI and C40, (iii) 20 cities with transit/mobility oriented strategy by 2020.

o the GEF is receiving projects documents to implement its 150 MUSD Sustainable Cities Integrated Approach Pilot that promotes urban planning incorporating resilience and low carbon projects. All the projects should be endorsed before COP22. The Global Platform for Sustainable Cities, launched in collaboration with the World Bank and cities networks, will provide indicators, tools and services for sustainable planning and financing.

o CCFLA has been structured with a new secretariat (FMDV, R20, UNEP and UNDP), a steering committee and 4 working groups ((Innovation Labs, De-Risking Facility, Project Preparation Facilities, Knowledge and Research) – urban partners are welcome to join working groups. A first fundraising has been launched to finance those activities. The Second Report on the State of City Climate Finance is underway to help cities identifying solutions, and will be presented by the end of 2016. A mapping survey of members activities has been launched and will deliver a consolidated database end of June of all initiatives related to subnational climate financing. This will allow synergies between members and scaling-up of initiatives.

- On vertical integration:

o France and Japan addressed this issue in G7 ministers of environment meeting, as a special mention was dedicated to the role of cities in promoting better environmental performance. The G7 declaration represents a step forward on the multilevel coordination challenges we need to address to act effectively against climate change.

o France will promote this idea in Habitat III process

Contact

Fonds Mondial pour le Développement des Villes (FMDV), 35 Boulevard des Invalides, 75007 Paris - France

cboulanger@fmdv.net; cdefreitas@fmdv.net ; secretariat@citiesclimatefinance.org