At the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris, it was agreed that mobilizing stronger and more ambitious climate action by all Parties and non-Party stakeholders is urgently required if the goals of the Paris Agreement are to be achieved.
In decision 1/CP.21, the commitments from all actors are recognized, including those launched through the Lima–Paris Action Agenda, as well as the urgent need to scale up the global response to climate change and support greater ambition from governments.
At COP 22 in Marrakech, a High-Level Event on Accelerating Climate Action was held to highlight outcomes from the Action Events throughout the conference and culminated with the launching of the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action; a new framework to catalyse and support climate action.
The climate change commitments put forward in (I)NDCs show that agriculture is a priority, with 94 percent of countries including the agricultural sector for mitigation and/or adaptation. The mounting pressure on food systems challenges the adaptive capacity and resilience of and fishery. Agriculture holds a central position in the response to climate change, as actions in this sector represent not only a political, economic and moral imperative, but also an opportunity.
Indeed agriculture is unrivalled in its potential to simultaneously address poverty, hunger and climate change. Investments in agricultural development can catalyse synergies and increase benefits across economic, social and environmental dimensions.
However, a triple gap in finance remains for (i) adaptation, (ii) agriculture and (iii) Least Developed Countries and vulnerable states. Thus, the international community must increase its support for the implementation of the NDCs.
The Global Climate Action event is a unique opportunity to showcase the agricultural sector as the greatest opportunity for climate actions. The presence of many agricultural stakeholders will bring about an opportunity for interaction, including actors that are too often on the margins of national climate change planning, and who are scaling up climate actions. The event featured the Adaptation of African Agriculture (AAA) initiative, a major contribution in agriculture to the Africa Adaptation Initiative (AAI), and the Global Framework on Water Scarcity.